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Catalytic microwave-assisted pyrolysis for chemical recycling of plastic waste
Catalytic microwave-assisted pyrolysis could serve as a feasible approach to chemical recycling of waste plastics and producing fuel and petrochemical feedstocks such as naphtha. This lecture presents a series of our recent work on the aspects of pyrolysis reactor design and catalyst development with the goal of advancing this technology towards industrial applications. Catalytic Pyrolysis of LDPE Plastic Wastes over Mortar Cement Catalyst A CaO based catalyst synthesized from mortar previously used in construction was chosen for pyrolysis of LDPE plastic waste. The samples were calcined at temperatures of 500 and 800 °C for comparison purpose. After calcination, two mixed oxides were obtained, denoted as catalyst A and B. The chemical composition of the metal oxide catalysts and the liquid products of the pyrolysis were ...
A Review on Thermal and Catalytic Pyrolysis of Plastic Solid Waste
1 A Review on Thermal and Catalytic Pyrolysis of Plastic Solid Waste (PSW) S.M. Al-Salem1*, A. Antelava2, A. Constantinou2,3, G. Manos3, A. Dutta4 1Environment & Life Sciences Research Centre, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, P.O. Box: 24885, Safat 13109, Kuwait. 2Division of Chemical & Petroleum Engineering, School of Engineering, London South Bank University, Catalytic pyrolysis of biomass-plastic wastes in the presence of Ding et al. studied a dual-catalyst bed of CaO and HZSM-5 for improving hydrocarbon yield from catalytic fast co-pyrolysis of hemicellulose and plastics (Ding et al., 2018). CaO as base catalysts have been widely developed for biomass pyrolysis ( Chen et al., 2019b ) including biofuels upgrading ( Yang et al., 2018 ).
Fast pyrolysis of plastic wastes Energy & Fuels
Catalytic plastics cracking for recovery of gasoline-range hydrocarbons from municipal plastic wastes. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 1998 , 23 (3) , 163-181. (PDF) Thermal and catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste haroon During material of plastic waste . the pyrolysis, the polymer materials are heated to high temperatures and thus, their macromolecules are broken 1.1.2 Catalytic pyrolysis into smaller molecules, resulting in the formation of a The thermal pyrolysis requires high temperatures due ...
Promoting Aromatic Hydrocarbon Formation via Catalytic Pyrolysis
Converting polycarbonate (PC) plastic waste into value-added chemicals and/or fuel additives by catalytic pyrolysis is a promising approach to dispose of solid wastes. In this study, a series of Fe–Ce@Al2O3 metal oxides were prepared by coprecipitation, impregnation, and a direct mixing method. The synthesized catalysts were then employed to investigate the catalytic conversion of PC wastes ... Catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste for the production of liquid Catalytic pyrolysis of waste plastics using low cost binder-free pelletized bentonite clay has been investigated to yield pyrolysis oils as drop-in replacements for commercial liquid fuels such as diesel and gasohol 91. Pyrolysis of four waste plastics, polystyrene, polypropylene, low density polyethylene and
A review on thermal and catalytic pyrolysis of plastic solid waste
Pyrolysis of plastic solid waste (PSW) has gained importance due to having better advantages towards environmental pollution and reduction of carbon footprint of plastic products by minimizing the emissions of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide compared to combustion and gasification. (PDF) Catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste: A skystorage.pl Dr. Abdul Catalyst modiﬁcation and future ment still remain in the catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste. perspective After a detailed review of all aspects of the catalytic pyroly- sis process, the recommended areas for further research and The selection of a catalyst for the degradation of plastic waste development including detailed life cycle assessment (LCA) is a critical step in pyrolysis.
Fast pyrolysis of plastic wastes (Journal Article) OSTI.GOV
Highlights: • Liquid fuel was produced from plastic waste through catalytic pyrolysis. • Pyrolysis of polystyrene plastic produced highest liquid oil yield of 54% using natural zeolite. • Pyrolysis liquid oil mainly consisted of aromatic hydrocarbons with a few aliphatic compounds. Frontiers Catalytic Pyrolysis of Plastic Waste: Moving Toward Pyrolysis is a common technique used to convert plastic waste into energy, in the form of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. Pyrolysis is the thermal degradation of plastic waste at different temperatures (300–900°C), in the absence of oxygen, to produced liquid oil ( Rehan et al., 2017 ).
(PDF) Catalytic Pyrolysis of Waste Plastics into Liquid
Catalytic pyrolysis of waste plastics into liquid hydrocarbon was conducted in a locally-made stainless steel reactor. Mesoporous kaolin clay treated with sulfuric acid in the concentration range of 3-7 M was used as a catalyst and waste polyethylene Catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste for the production of liquid Catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste for the production of liquid fuels for engines† Supattra Budsaereechai,a Andrew J. Hunt b and Yuvarat Ngernyen*a Catalytic pyrolysis of waste plastics using low cost binder-free pelletized bentonite clay has been investigated to yield pyrolysis oils as drop-in replacements for commercial liquid fuels such as diesel and
Pyrolysis of municipal plastic wastes II: Influence of raw material
In this work, the results obtained in catalytic pyrolysis of three plastic waste streams which are the rejects of an industrial packing wastes sorting plant are presented. The samples have been pyrolysed in a 3.5 dm(3) reactor under semi-batch conditions at 440 °C for 30 min in nitrogen atmosphere. CATALYTIC PYROLYSIS OF WASTE PLASTIC INTO LIQUID FUEL Thermal pyrolysis of plastic materials leads to a wide product distribution and requires high degradation temperatures . During the cracking process of long polymer molecules the degradation of polymer chains can be enhanced by applying of various catalysts. The catalytic pyrolysis of plastic wastes gives valuable products
Catalytic pyrolysis of plastic wastes with two different types of
Pyrolysis transforms plastic wastes in valuable liquids and gases useful as fuels or source of chemicals. The use of ZSM-5 zeolite in pyrolysis favours the production of gases and of lighter and more aromatic liquids. Red Mud, an industrial by-product, exerts a noticeable catalytic effect in pyrolysis, though lower than ZSM-5 zeolite. ZSM-5 enables to operate at lower pyrolysis temperatures while Red ... Improved recycling of plastic wastes via (catalytic-)pyrolysis RISE Improved recycling of plastic wastes via (catalytic-)pyrolysis. The conversion of plastics to valuable energy and/or materials is possible as they are derived from fossil source, essentially having high calorific value. Pyrolysis is an efficient method for energy and material recovery from plastic wastes. This project aims to improve the ...
Jet fuel production from waste plastics via catalytic pyrolysis with
In the present study, the catalytic pyrolysis of waste plastics over activated carbon catalysts was investigated to produce jet fuel range hydrocarbons and H 2-enriched gases. 7 types of activated carbons including commercial and home-made ones were investigated and results revealed that the obtained liquid product could be regarded as drop-in jet fuel. Catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste: A review - ScienceDirect Catalyst and pyrolysis. Plastic waste may contain different kinds of pollutants such as nitrogen, sulphur, and chlorine due to surface contamination, additives, and heteroatoms containing plastic such as PVC (Miskolczi et al., 2013). Therefore, the quality of liquid oil is compromised by the presence of these pollutants.
Catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste for the production of liquid
Catalytic pyrolysis of waste plastics using low cost binder-free pelletized bentonite clay has been investigated to yield pyrolysis oils as drop-in replacements for commercial liquid fuels such as diesel and gasohol 91. Pyrolysis of four waste plastics, polystyrene, polypropylene, low density polyethylene and high density polyethylene, was achieved ... Catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste: A review - ScienceDirect Pyrolysis can be carried out via thermal or catalytic routes. Thermal pyrolysis produces low quality liquid oil and requires both a high temperature and retention time. In order to overcome these issues, catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste has emerged with the use of a catalyst.
Catalytic decomposition and kinetic study of mixed plastic waste
Pyrolysis is a promising technology for the valorisation of plastic waste by converting it into valuable products, such as fuels and chemicals. This study aims to assess the thermogravimetric behaviour and kinetic parameters of the real-world plastic waste mixture with added nickel- and iron-based catalysts on gamma-aluminium oxide as support. (PDF) Catalytic Pyrolysis of Plastic Waste: Moving Toward Pyrolysis Pyrolysis based biorefineries have great potential to convert waste such as plastic and biomass waste into energy and other valuable products, to achieve maximum economic and environmental benefits. In this study, the catalytic pyrolysis of different
Catalytic pyrolysis of biomass-plastic wastes in the presence of
Catalytic pyrolysis of biomass-plastic wastes in the presence of MgO and MgCO3 for hydrocarbon-rich oils production. Rui Yuan Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Environment Monitoring and Pollution Control (AEMPC), School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), Nanjing 210044, China. Catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste: A review sis. Pyrolysis can be carried out via thermal or catalytic routes. Thermal pyrolysis produces low quality liquid oil and requires both a high temperature and retention time. In order to overcome these issues, catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste has emerged with the use of a catalyst. It has the potential to convert 70–80% of plastic waste ...
Thermal and catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste
Keywords: catalytic pyrolysis, fuel oils, thermal pyrolysis, zeolites. 1. Introduction Plastics are materials that offer a fundamental contribution to our society, due to its versatility and relatively low cost. As a result of this contribution, a large amount of plastic waste is generated due to the increase in its production each year. Hydrogen and Carbon Nanotubes from Pyrolysis-Catalysis of Waste Plastics... More than 27 million tonnes of waste plastics are generated in Europe each year representing a considerable potential resource. There has been extensive research into the production of liquid fuels and aromatic chemicals from pyrolysis-catalysis of waste plastics. However, there is less work on the production of hydrogen from waste plastics via pyrolysis coupled with catalytic steam ...
Pyrolysis of plastic waste: opportunities and challenges
Pyrolysis of plastics is thermal or catalytic decomposition of a material in an oxygen-free environment into liquid product for chemicals or fuels ... Fluidized Bed Pyrolysis of Plastic Wastes, in: Feedstock Recycling and Pyrolysis of Waste Plastics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006; 2006, pp. 435-474. Research progress on catalytic pyrolysis and reuse of waste plastics the catalytic pyrolysis of waste plastics and petroleum sludge. They include molecular sieves, transition metals, metal oxides, clays and activated carbons used for the recycling of plastic, and molecular sieves and M-series catalyst (M=Al, Fe, Ca, Na, K) for treating petroleum sludge.